There are about 18,000 km of road in Albania of which 7,450 km are considered to be “main roads. ”Although the government continues to make substantial investments in road improvements, still some major roads are in poor condition and construction sites are often badly signaled. Disregard for traffic laws is widespread. If you choose to drive in Albania, please exercise caution and drive as defensively as possible. Better avoid travelling at night outside the main urban areas as road hazards are more difficult to see. It is illegal to drive under the influence of alcohol and to use a cell phone while driving, except when the driver utilizes a Bluetooth or other hands-free device.
Traffic travels on the right side of the road, as in most other European countries.
Unless posted signs indicate otherwise, there is a 50 km/h speed limit in urban centers and 90 km/h limit in rural areas.
Taxis are readily available in most Albania cities, are recognizable by their yellow color, and most of them have a taxi meter. Fares are generally predetermined based on the distance traveled, but can sometimes be negotiated in advance. Taxis are plentiful in Tirana and can easily be hailed on the street or retained at one of many taxi stands throughout the city.
Many buses are available for transport throughout the major cities of Albania. Travel by bus is economical and provides a unique view of the countryside. Buses travel almost exclusively during the day, but they do not always run according to regular schedules. The approximately fare costs are between 1000 and 1200 for long distances as Tirana-Saranda.
Many travelers looking for public transport prefer to use privately owned vans, which function as an alternate system of bus routes and operate almost entirely without schedules or set fares. However, you should consider the condition of the van before choose to travel in one, as many operate as informal businesses.
From Tirana the main routes are:
Southbound buses depart from Kavaja” Street;.at the Tirana Beer Factory
Buses to Kukësi and Peshkopia depart from the Lapraka.
Buses to Shkodra depart near the railway station on “Karl Gega” Street.
Mini-buses to Bajram Curri depart from“Murat Toptani” Street. (near the Democratic Party headquarters).
Southeast buses depart from “Qemal Stafa” stadium.
Buses to Durres and the Golem beach area depart from the Railway Station.
The rail network is comprised of approximately 470 km of single track and all of the trains in Albania are diesel powered. Rail travel is affordable, but generally considerably slower than other methods of transportation.
Trains in Albania: